FAA Releases Unmanned Aircraft Systems Integration Roadmap

November 11, 2013 4 Comments

The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) released its first annual Roadmap outlining efforts needed to safely integrate unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) into the nation’s airspace. The Roadmap addresses current and future policies, regulations, technologies and procedures that will be required as demand moves the country from today’s limited accommodation of UAS operations to the extensive integration of UAS into the NextGen aviation system in the future.

“Government and industry face significant challenges as unmanned aircraft move into the aviation mainstream,” said U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx. “This Roadmap is an important step forward that will help stakeholders understand the operational goals and safety issues we need to consider when planning for the future of our airspace.”

According to the announcement, the Roadmap outlines the FAA’s approach to ensuring that widespread UAS use is safe, from the perspective of accommodation, integration, and evolution.  The FAA’s main goal for integration is to establish requirements that UAS operators will have to meet in order to increase access to airspace over the next five to 10 years. The Roadmap discusses items such as new or revised regulations, policies, procedures, guidance material, training and understanding of systems and operations to support routine UAS operations.

“The FAA is committed to safe, efficient and timely integration of UAS into our airspace,” said FAA Administrator Michael Huerta. “We are dedicated to moving this exciting new technology along as quickly and safely as possible.”

The FAA reports that the Roadmap also addresses the evolution of UAS operations once all requirements and standards are in place and are routinely updated to support UAS operations as the National Airspace System evolves over time. The document stresses that the UAS community must understand the system is not static, and that many improvements are planned for the airspace system over the next 15 years.

The FAA plans to select six UAS test sites to begin work on safely integrating UAS into the airspace.  These congressionally-mandated test sites will conduct critical research into how best to safely integrate UAS systems into the national airspace over the next several years and what certification and navigation requirements will need to be established.

The use of UAS, both at the designated test sites and in the national airspace generally, raises the issue of privacy and protection of civil liberties. In February, the FAA asked for public comments specifically on the draft privacy requirements for the six test sites. Today, the agency sent a final privacy policy to the Federal Register that requires test site operators to comply with federal, state, and other laws on individual privacy protection, to have a publicly available privacy plan and a written plan for data use and retention, and to conduct an annual review of privacy practices that allows for public comment. Information about the test site selection process and final test site privacy policy is available at: http://www.faa.gov/about/initiatives/uas/

For the next several years, the FAA will continue to use special mitigations and procedures to safely accommodate limited UAS access to the nation’s airspace on a case-by-case basis. The Roadmap notes that this case-by-case accommodation will decline significantly as integration begins and expands, but will continue to be a practical way to allow flights by some UAS operators in certain circumstances.

In addition to the FAA’s Roadmap, as required in the 2012 FAA Reauthorization, the Joint Planning and Development Office (JPDO) has developed a comprehensive plan to safely accelerate the integration of civil UAS into the national airspace system.. That plan details a multi-agency approach to safe and timely UAS integration and coordination with the NextGen shift to satellite-based technologies and new procedures.

The UAS Roadmap (PDF) and UAS Comprehensive Plan is available on the FAA website.

This article is tagged with and posted in Featured Stories, GIS News, GNSS/GPS, Imagery, Technology

4 Comments on "FAA Releases Unmanned Aircraft Systems Integration Roadmap"

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  1. Richard Bartel says:

    Wait until the spoofing and GPS interference begins. UAV’s and RPA’s will become tools for deliberate midair collisions and / or terrorist events. Whistleblowers have raised this issue for years. The clock is ticking.

  2. Eric Gakstatter Eric Gakstatter says:

    I don’t think anyone is ignoring spoofing or GPS jamming.

    Spoofing is a bit overblown, in my opinion. There are sufficient complementary technologies that will allow a receiver to detect and mitigate spoofing attempts.

    Jamming is a more difficult problem to solve.

    What’s surprising to me is that we haven’t seen much of either. I wonder why that is? Spoofing takes quite a bit of tech expertise so I understand that, but why isn’t jamming more prevalent, at least in the U.S.?

    • JJM says:

      US citizens typically behave in a civilized manner. But there will be boatloads of jammers hitting the airwaves if/when UAVs are proven to be invading our privacy and Constitutional rights. Possible that, in the near future, I may have to request nearby Patriots to turn theirs OFF for testing of our receivers.

      • Eric Gakstatter Eric Gakstatter says:

        Eh, I have a hard time believing this. First of all, you don’t need to use GPS to fly a UAV.

        Then shotguns blasting them from the sky? Maybe in Wyoming or Montana, but not in urban (or suburban) America, where likely you’ll see the most UAVs.

        I agree that privacy (or the perception of) is a huge issue. I’m pretty sure the FAA is considering that when writing the rules for UAV operation in U.S. airspace.

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